Strategic Management: Formulation and Implementation

Process Technology

Process technology is the technology used in transforming inputs into goods and services. It includes the tools, methods procedures, equipment, and various steps involved in the production process. Recent innovation is process technology centre on computer-integrated manufacturing.

Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM) is the computerized integration of all major functions associated with the production of a product (for example, designed and engineering products, instructing machines, handling materials, controlling inventories, and directing the production process).

CIM systems typically make extensive use of sophisticated material requirements planning (MRP) systems and rely on several other types of computerized systems, such as computer-aided design, computer-aided manufacturing, and flexible manufacturing systems.

Computer-aided design (CAD) is a system that uses computers to geometrically prepare, review, and evaluate product design.

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) is a system that uses computers to design and control production processes.

A flexible manufacturing system (FMS) is a manufacturing system that uses computers to control machines and the production process automatically so that different types of parts or product configurations can be handled on the same production line.