Strategic Management: Formulation and Implementation

Strategic Control

Strategic control is concerned with tracking the strategy as it is being implemented, detecting any problems areas or potential problem areas, and making any necessary adjustments.

Newman and Logan use the term "steering control" to highlight some important characteristics of strategic control Ordinarily, a significant time span occurs between initial implementation of a strategy and achievement of its intended results. During that time, numerous projects are undertaken, investments are made, and actions are undertaken to implement the new strategy.

Also the environmental situation and the firm's internal situation are developing and evolving. Strategic controls are necessary to steer the firm through these events. They must provide some means of correcting the directions on the basis of intermediate performance and new information.

The Importance Of Strategic Control

Henry Mintzberg,one of the foremost theorists in the area of strategic management, tells us that no matter how well the organization plans its strategy, a different strategy may emerge.

Starting with the intended or planned strategies, he related the five types of strategies in the following manner:

  1. Intended strategies that get realized; these may be called deliberate strategies.
  2. Intended strategies that do get realized; these may be called unrealized strategies.
  3. Realized strategies that were never intended; these may be called emergent strategies.

Recognizing the number of different ways that intended and realized strategies may differ underscores the importance of evaluation and control systems so that the firm can monitor its performance and take corrective action if the actual performance differs from the intended strategies and planned results.